Original URL: http://www.inform.umd.edu/PBIO/pb250/dahl2.html

PBIO 250 Lecture Notes

James L. Reveal

Norton-Brown Herbarium, University of Maryland


Dahlgren System of Angiosperm Classification

    11. Rosanae Takht. (1967)
               Buxanae Takht., nom. inval. (1997)
               Casuarinanae Takht., nom. inval. (1997)
               Daphniphyllanae Takht. (1997)
               Faganae Takht. (1997)
               Hamamelidanae Takht. (1967)
               Juglandanae Takht. ex Reveal (1992)
               Myrothamnanae Takht. (1997)
               Podostemanae R. Dahlgren ex Reveal (1992)
               Saxifraganae Reveal (1994)
               Trochodendranae Takht. ex Reveal (1996)
     1. Trochodendrales Takht. ex Cronquist (1981)
       1. Trochodendraceae Prantl, nom. cons. (1888)
       2. Tetracentraceae A.C. Sm., nom. cons. (1945)
     2. Cercidiphyllales Hu ex Reveal (1993)
               Eupteleales Hu ex Reveal (1993)
       1. Cercidiphyllaceae Engl., nom. cons. (1909)
       2. Eupteleaceae K. Wilh., nom. cons. (1910)
     3. Hamamelidales Griseb. (1854)
               Myrothamnales Nakai ex Reveal (1993)
               Platanales J.H. Schaffn. (1929)
       1. Hamamelidaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1818)
               Altingiaceae Lindl., nom. cons. (1846)
               Bucklandiaceae J. Agardh, nom. illeg. (1858)
               Disanthaceae Nakai (1943)
               Fothergillaceae Nutt. (1818)
               Parrotiaceae Horan. (1834)
               Rhodoleiaceae Nakai (1943)
       2. Platanaceae T. Lestib. ex Dumort., nom. cons. (1829)
       3. Myrothamnaceae Nied., nom. cons. (1891)
     4. Balanopales Engl. (1897)
       1. Balanopaceae Benth. & Hook.f. (1880)
     5. Fagales Engl. (1892)
               Betulales Bromhead (1838)
               Corylales Dumort. (1829)
               Quercales Burnett (1835)
       1. Nothofagaceae Kuprian. (1962)
       2. Fagaceae Dumort., nom. cons. (1829)
               Castaneaceae Adans. (1763)
               Quercaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
       3. Corylaceae Mirb., nom. cons. (1815)
               Carpinaceae Vest (1818)
       4. Betulaceae Gray, nom. cons. (1821)
     6. Juglandales Dumort. (1829)
               Rhoipteleales Novßk ex Reveal (1992)
       1. Rhoipteleaceae Hand.-Mazz., nom. cons. (1932)
       2. Juglandaceae A. Rich. ex Kunth, nom. cons. (1824)
     7. Myricales Engl. (1897)
       1. Myricaceae Blume, nom. cons. (1829)
     8. Casuarinales Lindl. (1833)
       1. Casuarinaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
     9. Buxales Takht. ex Reveal (1996)
               Daphniphyllales Pulle ex Cronquist (1981)
               Didymelales Takht. (1967)
       1. Buxaceae Dumort., nom. cons. (1822)
               Pachysandraceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Stylocerataceae (Pax) Takht. ex Reveal & Hoogland (1990)
       2. Daphniphyllaceae MŘll.-Arg., nom. cons. (1869)
       3. Didymelaceae Leandri (1937)
     10. Geissolomatales Takht. ex Reveal (1992)
       1. Geissolomataceae Endl. (1841)
     11. Cunoniales Hutch. (1924)
       1. Cunoniaceae R. Br. (1814)
               Belangeraceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Callicomaceae J. Agardh (1858)
       2. Baueraceae Lindl. (1830)
       3. Brunelliaceae Engl., nom. cons. (1897)
       4. Davidsoniaceae Bange (1952)
       5. Eucryphiaceae Endl. (1841)
     12. Saxifragales Dumort. (1829)
               Brexiales Lindl. (1833)
               Cephalotales Nakai (1943)
               Crassulales Lindl. (1833)
               Francoales Takht. (1997)
               Greyiales Takht. (1997)
               Grossulariales Lindl. (1833)
               Marathrales Dumort. (1829)
               Podostemales Lindl. (1833)
               Sedales Rchb.f. (1828)
       1. Saxifragaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Pectiantiaceae Raf. (1837)
               Penthoraceae Rydb. ex Britt., nom. cons. (1901)
               Vahliaceae Dandy (1959)
       2. Francoaceae A. Juss., nom. cons. (1832)
       3. Greyiaceae Hutch., nom. cons. (1926)
       4. Brexiaceae Loud. (1830)
               Ixerbaceae Griseb. (1854)
               Rousseaceae DC. (1839)
       5. Grossulariaceae DC., nom. cons. (1805)
               Ribesiaceae Marq. (1820)
       6. Iteaceae J. Agardh, nom. cons. (1858)
       7. Cephalotaceae Dumort., nom. cons. (1829)
       8. Crassulaceae DC., nom. cons. (1805)
               Cotyledonaceae Martinov (1820)
               Rhodiolaceae Martinov (1820)
               Sedaceae Adans. (1763)
               Sempervivaceae Durande (1782)
               Tillaeaceae Martinov (1820)
       9. Podostemaceae Rich. ex C. Agardh, nom. cons. (1822)
               Marathraceae Dumort. (1829)
               Philocrenaceae Bongard (1834)
               Tristichaceae Willis (1915)
     13. Droserales Griseb. (1854)
               Parnassiales Nakai (1943)
       1. Droseraceae Salisb. (1808)
               Aldrovandaceae Nakai (1949)
               Dionaeaceae Raf. (1837)
               Drosophyllaceae Chrtek, SlavÝkovß & Studnicka (1989)
       2. Lepuropetalaceae (Engl.) Nakai (1943)
       3. Parnassiaceae Gray, nom. cons. (1821)
     14. Rosales Perleb (1826)
               Anisophylleales Takht. (1997)
               Crossosomatales Takht. ex Reveal (1993)
               Sanguisorbales Dumort. (1829)
       1. Rosaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Agrimoniaceae Gray (1821)
               Alchemillaceae Martinov (1820)
               Cercocarpaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Coleogynaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Dryadaceae Gray (1821)
               Fragariaceae Nestl. (1816)
               Lindleyaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Neilliaceae Miq. (1855)
               Potentillaceae (Juss.) Wilbr. (1824)
               Poteriaceae Raf. (1815)
               Quillajaceae D. Don (1831)
               Rhodotypaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Sanguisorbaceae Durande (1782)
               Spiraeaceae Bertuch (1801)
               Tormentillaceae Martinov (1820)
               Ulmariaceae Gray (1821)
       2. Neuradaceae Link, nom. cons. (1831)
               Grielaceae Martinov (1820)
       3. Malaceae Small ex Britt., nom. cons. (1903)
               Cydoniaceae Schnizl. (1858)
               Pyraceae Vest (1818)
               Sorbaceae Brenner (1886)
       4. Amygdalaceae (Juss.) D. Don, nom. cons. (1825)
               Mespilaceae Schultz Sch. (1832)
               Prunaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
       5. Anisophylleaceae Ridl. (1922)
               Polygonanthaceae Croizat (1943)
       6. Crossosomataceae Engl., nom. cons. (1897)
       7. Surianaceae Arn. (1834)
               Stylobasiaceae J. Agardh (1858)
       8. Rhabdodendraceae (Huber) Prance (1968)
     15. Gunnerales Takht. ex Reveal (1992)
       1. Gunneraceae Meisn., nom. cons. (1842)
    12. Proteanae Takht. (1967)
     1. Proteales Dumort. (1829)
       1. Proteaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Lepidocarpaceae Schultz Sch., nom. illeg. (1832)
     2. Elaeagnales Bromhead (1838)
       1. Elaeagnaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Hippophaeaceae G. Mey. (1836)
    13. Myrtanae Takht. (1967)
     1. Myrtales Rchb.f. (1828)
               Combretales Baskerville (1839)
               Lythrales Caruel (1881)
               Melastomatales Oliv. (1895)
               Oenotherales Bromhead (1838)
               Onagrales Rchb.f. (1828)
               Penaeales Lindl. (1833)
       1. Psiloxylaceae Croizat (1960)
       2. Heteropyxidaceae Engl. & Gilg, nom. cons. (1920)
       3. Myrtaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Chamelauciaceae (DC.) Rudolphi (1830)
               Kaniaceae Nakai (1943)
               Leptospermaceae (Bercht. & J. Presl) Rudolphi (1830)
               Melaleucaceae Vest (1818)
               Myrrhiniaceae Arn. (1839)
       4. Onagraceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Circaeaceae Ruthe (1827)
               Epilobiaceae Vent. (1799)
               Fuchsiaceae (DC.) Lilja (1870)
               Isnardiaceae Martinov (1820)
               Jussiaeaceae Martinov (1820)
               Lopeziaceae (Spach) Lilja (1870)
                Oenotheraceae C.C. Robin (1807)
       5. Trapaceae Dumort., nom. cons. (1829)
       6. Lythraceae J. St.-Hil., nom. cons. (1805)
               Ammanniaceae Horan. (1834)
               Blattiaceae Nied. (1892)
               Duabangaceae Takht. (1986)
               Lagerstroemiaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Lawsoniaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Punicaceae Horan., nom. cons. (1834)
               Salicariaceae Adans., nom. illeg. (1763)
               Sonneratiaceae Engl. & Gilg, nom. cons. (1924)
       7. Combretaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1810)
               Bucidaceae Spreng. (1825)
               Myrobalanaceae Martinov (1820)
               Sheadendraceae Bertol. (1850)
               Terminaliaceae J. St.-Hil. (1805)
       8. Melastomataceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Blakeaceae Rchb. ex Barnh. (1895)
               Miconiaceae K. Koch (1857)
               Rhexiaceae Dumort. (1822)
       9. Memecylaceae DC. ex Schltdl. (1827)
               Mouririaceae Gardner (1840)
       10. Crypteroniaceae A. DC., nom. cons. (1868)
               Henslowiaceae Lindl. (1835)
       11. Oliniaceae Harv. & Sond., nom. cons. (1862)
       12. Penaeaceae Sweet ex Guill., nom. cons. (1828)
       13. Rhynchocalycaceae L.A.S. Johnson & B.G. Briggs (1985)
       14. Alzateaceae S.A. Graham (1985)
     2. Haloragales Bromhead (1838)
       1. Haloragaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
               Cercodiaceae Juss. (1817)
               Myriophyllaceae Schultz Sch. (1832)
    14. Rutanae Takht. (1967)
               Celastranae Takht. (1967)
               Corynocarpanae Takht. (1997)
               Fabanae R. Dahlgren ex Reveal (1993)
               Geranianae Thorne ex Reveal (1992)
               Rhizophoranae Takht., nom. inval. (1997)
     1. Sapindales Dumort. (1829)
               Acerales Lindl. (1833)
               Aesculales Bromhead (1838)
               Connarales Takht. ex Reveal (1996)
               Coriariales Lindl. (1833)
               Julianiales Engl. (1907)
               Leitneriales Engl. (1897)
               Sabiales Takht. (1997)
       1. Coriariaceae DC., nom. cons. (1824)
       2. Anacardiaceae Lindl., nom. cons. (1830)
               Blepharocaryaceae Airy Shaw (1964)
               Cassuviaceae Juss. ex R. Br., nom. illeg. (1818)
               Comocladiaceae Martinov (1820)
               Julianiaceae Hemsl., nom. cons. (1906)
               Pistaciaceae Adans. (1763)
               Rhoaceae Spreng. ex Sadler (1826)
               Schinaceae Raf. (1837)
               Spondiadaceae Martinov (1820)
               Sumachiaceae (DC.) Perleb, nom. illeg. (1838)
               Terebinthaceae Durande, nom. illeg. (1782)
               Vernicaceae Link (1831)
       3. Leitneriaceae Benth. & Hook.f. (1880)
       4. Podoaceae Baill. ex Franch. (1889)
       5. Sapindaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Allophylaceae Martinov (1820)
               Dodonaeaceae Link, nom. cons. (1831)
               Koelreuteriaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Ornithropaceae Martinov (1820)
               Paulliniaceae Durande (1782)
       6. Hippocastanaceae DC., nom. cons. (1824)
               Aesculaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
               Paviaceae Horan. (1834)
       7. Aceraceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
       8. Akaniaceae Stapf, nom. cons. (1912)
       9. Bretschneideraceae Engl. & Gilg, nom. cons. (1924)
       10. Emblingiaceae (Pax) Airy Shaw (1964)
       11. Staphyleaceae (DC.) Lindl., nom. cons. (1829)
               Ochranthaceae Endl. (1841)
               Tapisciaceae (Pax) Takht. (1987)
       12. Melianthaceae Link, nom. cons. (1831)
       13. Sabiaceae Blume, nom. cons. (1851)
       14. Meliosmaceae Endl. (1841)
               Millingtoniaceae Wight & Arn., nom. illeg. (1834)
               Wellingtoniaceae Meisn. (1840)
       15. Connaraceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1818)
               Cnestiaceae (Raf.) Raf. (1830)
     2. Fabales Bromhead (1838)
               Cassiales Horan. (1847)
       1. Mimosaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
       2. Caesalpiniaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
               Bauhiniaceae Martinov (1820)
               Cassiaceae Vest (1818)
               Ceratoniaceae Link (1831)
               Detariaceae (DC.) J. Hess (1832)
               Swartzieae (DC.) Bartl. (1830)
       3. Fabaceae Lindl., nom. cons. (1836)
               Aspalathaceae Martinov (1820)
               Astragalaceae Martinov (1820)
               Ciceraceae Steele (1847)
               Coronillaceae Martinov (1820)
               Galedupaceae Martinov (1820)
               Hedysaraceae Oken (1826)
               Inocarpaceae Zoll. (1854-1855)
               Lathyraceae Burnett (1835)
               Leguminosae Juss., nom. cons. et nom. alt. (1789)
               Lotaceae Oken (1826)
               Papilionaceae Giseke, nom. cons. et nom. alt. (1792)
               Phaseolaceae Schnizl. (1843-1870)
               Robiniaceae Vest (1818)
               Tamarindaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
               Viciaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
     3. Rutales Perleb (1826)
               Burserales Baskerville (1839)
               Citrales Dumort. (1829)
               Meliales Lindl. (1833)
       1. Rutaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Amyridaceae Kunth (1824)
               Aurantiaceae Durande (1782)
               Boroniaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Citraceae Roussel (1806)
               Cuspariaceae (DC.) Tratt., nom. illeg. (1825)
               Dictamnaceae Vest (1818)
               Diosmaceae R. Br. ex Bartl. (1830)
               Diplolaenaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Flindersiaceae (Engl.) C.T. White ex Airy Shaw (1964)
               Fraxinellaceae Nees & Mart. (1823)
               Jamboliferaceae Martinov (1820)
               Monieraceae Raf., nom. illeg. (1838)
               Pilocarpaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Pteleaceae Kunth (1824)
               Spatheliaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Zanthoxylaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
       2. Ptaeroxylaceae J.-F. Leroy (1960)
       3. Cneoraceae Link, nom. cons. (1831)
               Chamaeleaceae Bertol., nom. illeg. (1834)
       4. Simaroubaceae DC., nom. cons. (1811)
               Ailanthaceae (Arn.) J. Agardh (1858)
               Castelaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Irvingiaceae (Engl.) Exell & Mendonša, nom. cons. (1951)
               Kirkiaceae (Engl.) Takht. (1967)
               Picramniaceae (Engler) Fernando & Quinn (1995)
               Quassiaceae Bertol. (1827)
               Simabaceae Horan. (1847)
               Soulameaceae Endl. (1841)
       5. Tepuianthaceae Maguire & Steyerm. (1981)
       6. Burseraceae Kunth, nom. cons. (1824)
               Balsameaceae Dumort. (1829)
       7. Meliaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Aitoniaceae (Harv.) R.A. Dyer, nom. inadmiss. (1975)
               Cedrelaceae R. Br. (1814)
               Swieteniaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
     4. Polygalales Dumort. (1829)
               Malpighiales Mart. (1835)
               Vochysiales Dumort. (1829)
       1. Malpighiaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
       2. Trigoniaceae Endl., nom. cons. (1841)
       3. Vochysiaceae A. St.-Hil., nom. cons. (1820)
               Euphroniaceae Marc.-Berti (1989)
       4. Polygalaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
               Diclidantheraceae J. Agardh, nom. cons. (1858)
               Moutabeaceae Endl. (1841)
               Xanthophyllaceae (Chodat) Gagnep. ex Reveal & Hoogland (1990)
       5. Krameriaceae Dumort., nom. cons. (1829)
     5. Geraniales Dumort. (1829)
               Biebersteiniales Takht. (1997)
               Zygophyllales Takht., nom. inval. (1997)
       1. Zygophyllaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
               Tetradiclidaceae (Engl.) Takht. (1986)
               Tribulaceae Trautv. (1853)
       2. Peganaceae (Engl.) Takht. (1987)
       3. Nitrariaceae Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
       4. Geraniaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Erodiaceae Horan. (1847)
       5. Vivianiaceae Klotzsch (1836)
               Rhynchothecaceae Endl. (1841)
       6. Ledocarpaceae Meyen (1834)
       7. Biebersteiniaceae Endl. (1841)
       8. Dirachmaceae Hutch. (1959)
       9. Balanitaceae Endl. (1841)
     6. Linales Baskerville (1839)
               Oxalidales Heintze (1927)
       1. Linaceae DC. ex Gray (1821)
               Hugoniaceae Arn. (1834)
       2. Humiriaceae A. Juss., nom. cons. (1829)
       3. Ctenolophonaceae (H. Winkl.) Exell & Mendonša (1951)
       4. Ixonanthaceae (Benth.) Exell & Mendonša, nom. cons. (1951)
       5. Erythroxylaceae Kunth, nom. cons. (1822)
               Nectaropetalaceae (H. Winkl.) Exell & Mendonša (1951)
       6. Lepidobotryaceae J. LÚonard, nom. cons. (1950)
       7. Oxalidaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1818)
               Averrhoaceae Hutch. (1959)
               Hypseocharitaceae Wedd. (1861)
               Oxydacae Rupr., nom. inadmiss. (1860)
     7. Celastrales Baskerville (1839)
               Cardiopteridales Tahkt. (1997)
               Corynocarpales Takht. (1997)
       1. Stackhousiaceae R. Br. (1814)
       2. Lophopyxidaceae (Engl.) H. Pfeif. (1951)
       3. Cardiopteridaceae Blume, nom. cons. (1847)
               Peripterygiaceae F.N. Williams (1905)
       4. Corynocarpaceae Engl., nom. cons. (1897)
       5. Celastraceae R. Br. (1814)
               Canotiaceae Airy Shaw (1964)
               Chingithamnaceae Hand.-Mazz. (1932)
               Euonymaceae Juss. ex Bercht. & J. Presl (1820)
               Goupiaceae Miers (1862)
               Hippocrateaceae Juss. (1811)
               Pottingeriaceae (Engl.) Takht. (1987)
               Salaciaceae Raf. (1838)
               Siphonodontaceae (Croizat) Gagnep. & Tardieu ex Tardieu, nom. cons. (1951)
     8. Rhizophorales Tiegh. ex Reveal (1993)
               Elaeocarpales Takht. (1997)
       1. Rhizophoraceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
               Cassipoureaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Legnotidaceae Endl., nom. illeg. (1841)
               Macarisiaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Mangiaceae Raf. (1837)
       2. Elaeocarpaceae Juss. ex DC., nom. cons. (1824)
               Aristoteliaceae Dumort. (1829)
     9. Balsaminales Lindl. (1833)
       1. Balsaminaceae A. Rich., nom. cons. (1822)
               Hydroceraceae Blume, nom. inadmiss. (1825)
               Impatientaceae Barnh. (1895)
    15. Vitanae Takht. ex Reveal (1992)
     1. Vitales Reveal (1996)
       1. Vitaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Ampelopsidaceae Kostel. (1835)
               Cissaceae Drejer (1840)
               Leeaceae (DC.) Dumort., nom. cons. (1829)
               Pterisanthaceae J. Agardh (1858)
    16. Santalanae Thorne ex Reveal (1992)
     1. Santalales Dumort. (1829)
               Anthobolales Dumort. (1829)
               Loranthales Dumort. (1829)
               Medusandrales Brenan (1952)
               Olacales Benth. (1862)
       1. Olacaceae Mirb. ex DC., nom. cons. (1824)
               Aptandraceae Miers (1853)
               Erythropalaceae (Hassk.) Sleumer, nom. cons. (1942)
               Octoknemaceae Tiegh. ex Engl., nom. cons. (1909)
               Schoepfiaceae Blume (1850)
               Tetrastylidiaceae Calest. (1905)
               Ximeniaceae Martinet (1873)
       2. Opiliaceae (Benth.) Valeton, nom. cons. (1886)
               Cansjeraceae J. Agardh (1858)
       3. Loranthaceae Juss. (1808)
               Dendrophthoaceae Tiegh. ex Nakai (1952)
               Elytranthaceae Tiegh. ex Nakai (1952)
               Gaiadendraceae Tiegh. ex Nakai (1952)
               Nuytsiaceae Tiegh. (1896)
               Psittacanthaceae Nakai (1952)
       4. Medusandraceae Brenan, nom. cons. (1952)
       5. Misodendraceae J. Agardh (1858)
       6. Eremolepidaceae Tiegh. ex Nakai (1952)
       7. Santalaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1810)
               Anthobolaceae Dumort. (1829)
               Canopodaceae C. Presl (1851)
               Exocarpaceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Osyridaceae Raf. (1820)
               Thesiaceae Vest (1818)
       8. Viscaceae Batsch (1802)
               Arceuthobiaceae Tiegh. ex Nakai (1952)
               Bifariaceae Nakai (1952)
               Ginalloaceae Tiegh. ex Nakai (1952)
               Lepidocerataceae Nakai (1952)
               Phoradendraceae H. Karsten (1860)
    17. Balanophoranae R. Dahlgren ex Reveal (1992)
     1. Balanophorales Dumort. (1829)
               Cynomoriales Burnett (1835)
       1. Cynomoriaceae (Schott & Endl.) Lindl., nom. cons. (1833)
       2. Balanophoraceae Rich. (1822)
               Dactylanthaceae (Engl.) Takht. (1987)
               Heloseaceae (Schott & Endl.) Bromhead (1840)
               Langsdorffiaceae Tiegh. ex Pilger (1914)
               Lophophytaceae (Schott & Endl.) Bromhead (1840)
               Mystropetalaceae Hook.f. (1853)
               Sarcophytaceae A. Kern. (1891)
               Scybaliaceae A. Kern. (1891)
    18. Aralianae Takht. (1967)
     1. Pittosporales Lindl. (1833)
               Byblidales Nakai ex Reveal (1993)
       1. Pittosporaceae R. Br., nom. cons. (1814)
       2. Tremandraceae R. Br. ex DC., nom. cons. (1824)
               Tetrathecaceae R. Br. (1814)
       3. Byblidaceae (Engl. & Gilg) Domin, nom. cons. (1922)
     2. Araliales Reveal (1996)
               Ammiales Small (1903)
               Apiales Nakai (1930)
       1. Araliaceae Juss., nom. cons. (1789)
               Botryodendraceae J. Agardh (1858)
               Hederaceae Giseke (1792)
       2. Apiaceae Lindl., nom. cons. (1836)
               Ammiaceae J. Presl & C. Presl ex Barnh. (1895)
               Angelicaceae Martinov (1820)
               Bupleuraceae Martinov (1820)
               Coriandraceae Burnett (1835)
               Daucaceae Martinov (1820)
               Eryngiaceae Raf. (1838)
               Hydrocotylaceae (Link) N. Hyl., nom. cons. (1945)
               Imperatoriaceae Martinov (1820)
               Pastinacaceae Martinov (1820)
               Saniculaceae (Burnett) A. L÷ve & D. L÷ve (1974)
               Smyrniaceae Burnett (1835)
               Umbelliferae Juss., nom. cons. et nom. alt. (1789)

Magnolianae through Theanae, Asteranae through Lamianae or Alismatanae through Pandananae

Next Series of Lecture Notes:
Reveal System of Angiosperm Classification
Lecture Schedule

15 Nov 1997