The Families of Flowering Plants

L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz


Index

Introduction • Citation • Acknowledgements • References

Notes on the APG Classification

Identification and Information Retrieval (Windows 95/NT or later)

Brief Descriptions as an MS-Word Document

Character List

Implicit Attributes

Descriptions

The bold-italic parts are diagnostic descriptions, generated with the aid of Intkey (Dallwitz et al. 1993). They distinguish most taxa in at least two respects from the other taxa.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Z

A
• 
Acanthaceae Juss. • Aceraceae Juss. • Achariaceae Harms • Achatocarpaceae Heimerl. • Acoraceae J.G. Agardh • Actinidiaceae Van Tiegh. • Adoxaceae Trautv. • Aegicerataceae Blume • Aextoxicaceae Engl. and Gilg • Agavaceae Endl. • Agdestidaceae Nak. • Aitoniaceae Harv. & Sond. • Aizoaceae Rudolphi • Akaniaceae Stapf • Alangiaceae DC. • Alismataceae Vent. • Alliaceae J.G. Agardh • Alseuosmiaceae Airy Shaw • Alstroemeriaceae Dum. • Altingiaceae Lindl. • Alzateaceae S. Graham • Amaranthaceae Juss. • Amaryllidaceae Jaume St.-Hil. • Amborellaceae Pichon. • Anacardiaceae Lindl. • Anarthriaceae Cutler & Airy Shaw • Ancistrocladaceae Planch. • Androstachydaceae Airy Shaw • Anemarrhenaceae Conran, M.W. Chase & Rudall • Anisophylleaceae (Schimp.) Ridl. • Annonaceae Juss. • Anthericaceae J.G. Agardh • Antoniaceae (Endl.) J.G. Agardh • Aphyllanthaceae G.T. Burnett • Apocynaceae Juss. • Aponogetonaceae J.G. Agardh • Apostasiaceae Bl. • Aquifoliaceae Bartl. • Aquilariaceae R. Br. • Araceae Juss. • Araliaceae Juss. • Aralidiaceae Philipson and Stone • Aristolochiaceae Juss. • Asclepiadaceae R.Br. • Asparagaceae Juss. • Asphodelaceae Juss. • Asteliaceae Dum. • Asteranthaceae Knuth • Asteropeiaceae Takhtadj. • Atherospermataceae R. Br. • Aucubaceae J.G. Agardh • Austrobaileyaceae (Croiz.) Croiz. • Averrhoaceae Hutch. • Avicenniaceae Endl. ex Schnizl.

B
• 
Balanitaceae Endl. • Balanopaceae Benth. • Balanophoraceae L.C. & A. Rich. • Balsaminaceae DC. • Barbeuiaceae (Baill.) Nak. • Barbeyaceae Rendle • Barclayaceae (Endl.) Li • Barringtoniaceae Rudolphi • Basellaceae Moq.-Tand. • Batidaceae Mart. ex Meissn. • Baueraceae Lindl. • Begoniaceae C.A. Agardh. • Behniaceae Conran, M.W. Chase and Rudall • Berberidaceae Juss. • Betulaceae S.F. Gray • Biebersteiniaceae Endl. • Bignoniaceae Juss. • Bischofiaceae (Muell. Arg.) Airy Shaw • Bixaceae Link • Blandfordiaceae Dahlgren and Clifford • Blepharocaryaceae Airy Shaw • Boerlagellaceae H.J. Lam • Bombacaceae Kunth • Bonnetiaceae Beauvis • Boraginaceae Juss. • Bretschneideraceae Engl. & Gilg • Brexiaceae Lindl. • Bromeliaceae Juss. • Brunelliaceae Engl. • Bruniaceae DC. • Brunoniaceae Dum. • Buddlejaceae Wilhelm • Burmanniaceae Bl. • Burseraceae Kunth • Butomaceae Rich. • Buxaceae Dum. • Byblidaceae Domin

C
• 
Cabombaceae A. Rich. • Cactaceae Juss. • Calectasiaceae S.L. Endlicher • Callitrichaceae Link • Calochortaceae Dum. • Calycanthaceae Lindl. • Calyceraceae R.Br. ex Rich. • Campanulaceae Juss. • Campynemataceae Dum. • Canellaceae Mart. • Cannabidaceae Endl. • Cannaceae Juss. • Canotiaceae Britton • Capparidaceae Juss. • Caprifoliaceae Juss. • Cardiopterigaceae Blume corr. Van Tiegh. • Caricaceae Dum. • Carlemanniaceae Airy Shaw • Carpinaceae (Spach) Kuprianova • Cartonemataceae Pichon • Caryocaraceae Szyszyl. • Caryophyllaceae Juss. • Cassythaceae Bartl. ex Lindl. • Casuarinaceae R. Br. • Cecropiaceae • Celastraceae R. Br. • Centrolepidaceae Desv. • Cephalotaceae Neger • Ceratophyllaceae S.F. Gray • Cercidiphyllaceae Van Tiegh. • Chenopodiaceae Vent. • Chloranthaceae R. Br. • Chrysobalanaceae R. Br. • Circaeasteraceae Kuntze ex Hutch. • Cistaceae Juss. • Cleomaceae (Pax) Airy Shaw • Clethraceae Klotzsch. • Cneoraceae Link • Cobaeaceae D. Don • Cochlospermaceae Planch. • Colchicaceae DC. • Columelliaceae D. Don • Combretaceae R. Br. • Commelinaceae R. Br. • Compositae Giseke • Connaraceae R. Br. • Convallariaceae Horan. • Convolvulaceae Juss. • Coriariaceae DC. • Coridaceae (Reichb.) J.G. Agardh • Cornaceae Dum. • Corsiaceae Becc. • Corylaceae Mirbel • Corynocarpaceae Engl. • Costaceae (K. Schum.) Nak. • Crassulaceae DC. • Crossosomataceae Endl. • Cruciferae Juss. • Crypteroniaceae A. DC. • Ctenolophaceae (H. Winkl.) Exell & Mendonca • Cucurbitaceae Juss. • Cunoniaceae R. Br. • Curtisiaceae (Harms) Takht. • Cuscutaceae Dum. • Cyanastraceae Engl. • Cyclanthaceae Dum. • Cymodoceaceae N. Taylor • Cynomoriaceae Lindl. • Cyperaceae Juss. • Cypripediaceae Lindl. • Cyrillaceae Endl.

D
• 
Daphniphyllaceae Muell. Arg. • Dasypogonaceae Dum. • Datiscaceae Lindl. • Davidiaceae Takht. • Davidsoniaceae Bange • Degeneriaceae Bailey & Smith • Desfontainiaceae Endl. • Dialypetalanthaceae Rizz. & Occh. • Diapensiaceae Lindl. • Dichapetalaceae Baill. • Dicrastylidaceae J. Drumm. ex Harv. • Didiereaceae Radlk. ex Drake • Didymelaceae Leandri • Diegodendraceae Capuron • Dilleniaceae Salisb. • Dioncophyllaceae Airy Shaw • Dioscoreaceae R. Br. • Dipentodontaceae Merr. • Dipsacaceae Juss. • Dipterocarpaceae Bl. • Dirachmaceae (Reiche) Hutch. • Donatiaceae (Mildbr.) Skottsb. • Doryanthaceae Dahlgren and Clifford • Dracaenaceae R.A. Salisbury • Droseraceae Salisb. • Duckeodendraceae Kuhlmann • Dulongiaceae J.G. Agardh • Dysphaniaceae (Pax) Pax

E
• 
Ebenaceae Gurke • Ecdeiocoleaceae Cutler & Airy Shaw • Ehretiaceae Lindl. • Elaeagnaceae Juss. • Elaeocarpaceae DC. • Elatinaceae Dum. • Ellisiophyllaceae Honda • Emblingiaceae (Pax) Airy Shaw • Empetraceae S.F. Gray • Epacridaceae R. Br. • Eremolepidaceae Van Tiegh. • Eremosynaceae Takht. • Ericaceae Juss. • Eriocaulaceae Desv. • Eriospermaceae Endl. • Erythropalaceae (Hassk.) Van Tiegh. • Erythroxylaceae Kunth • Escalloniaceae Dum. • Eucommiaceae Van Tiegh. • Eucryphiaceae Endl. • Euphorbiaceae Juss. • Eupomatiaceae Endl. • Eupteleaceae Van Tiegh. • Euryalaceae J.G. Agardh

F
• 
Fagaceae Dum. • Flacourtiaceae DC. • Flagellariaceae Dum. • Flindersiaceae (Engl.) C.T. White & Airy Shaw • Foetidiaceae (Niedenzu) Airy Shaw • Fouquieriaceae DC. • Francoaceae A. Juss. • Frankeniaceae S.F. Gray • Fumariaceae DC.

G
• 
Garryaceae Lindl. • Geissolomataceae Endl. • Gelsemiaceae (G. Don) L. Struwe and V.A. Albert • Geniostomaceae L. Struwe and V.A. Albert • Gentianaceae Juss. • Geosiridaceae Jonker • Geraniaceae Juss. • Gesneriaceae Dum. • Glaucidiaceae (Himmelb.) Tamura • Globulariaceae DC. • Goetzeaceae Miers ex Airy Shaw • Gomortegaceae Reiche • Gonystylaceae Van Tiegh • Goodeniaceae R. Br. corr. Dum. • Goupiaceae Miers • Gramineae Juss. • Greyiaceae (Gürke) Hutch. • Griseliniaceae J.R. Forst. & G. Forst. ex A. Cunn. • Grossulariaceae DC. • Grubbiaceae Endl. • Gunneraceae Endl. • Guttiferae Juss. • Gyrocarpaceae Dum. • Gyrostemonaceae Endl.

H
• 
Haemodoraceae R. Br. • Halophytaceae Soriano • Haloragidaceae R. Br. • Hamamelidaceae R. Br. • Hanguanaceae Airy Shaw • Hectorellaceae Philipson & Skipworth • Heliconiaceae (Endl.) Nak. • Helwingiaceae Decaisne • Hemerocallidaceae R. Br. • Henriqueziaceae (Hook. f.) Bremek. • Hernandiaceae Blume • Herreriaceae • Heteropyxidaceae Engler & Gilg • Himantandraceae Diels • Hippocastanaceae DC. • Hippuridaceae Link. • Hoplestigmataceae Gilg • Hostaceae B. Mathew • Huaceae A. Chev. • Hugoniaceae Arn. • Humbertiaceae Pichon • Humiriaceae Juss. • Hyacinthaceae J.G. Agardh • Hydatellaceae Hamann • Hydnoraceae C.A. Agardh • Hydrangeaceae Dum. • Hydrastidaceae Lemesle • Hydrocharitaceae Juss. • Hydrophyllaceae R. Br. ex Edwards • Hydrostachydaceae Engl. • Hymenocardiaceae Airy Shaw • Hypecoaceae (Prantl & Kundig) Barkley • Hypoxidaceae R. Br. • Hypseocharitaceae Weddell

I
• 
Icacinaceae Miers • Idiospermaceae S.T.Blake • Illiciaceae Van Tiegh. • Iridaceae Juss. • Irvingiaceae Pierre • Iteaceae J.G. Agardh • Ixioliriaceae T. Nakai • Ixonanthaceae Planch. ex Klotzsch

J
• 
Joinvilleaceae Tomlinson & A.C. Sm. • Juglandaceae A. Rich. ex Kunth • Julianaceae Hemsl. • Juncaceae Juss. • Juncaginaceae Rich.

K
• 
Kingdoniaceae (Janchen) A.S. Foster ex Airy Shaw • Kirkiaceae (Engl.) Takht. • Koeberliniaceae Engl. • Krameriaceae Dum.

L
• 
Labiatae Juss. • Lacandoniaceae E. Martinez & C.H. Ramos • Lacistemataceae Mart. • Lactoridaceae Engl. • Lardizabalaceae Decne. • Lauraceae Juss. • Lecythidaceae Poiteau • Ledocarpaceae Meyen • Leeaceae (DC.) Dum. • Leguminosae Juss. • Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae Kunth • Leguminosae-Mimosoideae Kunth • Leguminosae-Papilionoideae DC. • Leitneriaceae Benth. • Lemnaceae S.F. Gray • Lennoaceae Solms-Laubach • Lentibulariaceae Rich. • Leonticaceae (Spach) Airy Shaw • Lepidobotryaceae Léonard • Lepuropetalaceae (Engl.) Nak. • Liliaceae Juss. • Limnanthaceae R. Br. • Limnocharitaceae Takht. • Linaceae S.F. Gray • Lissocarpaceae Gilg • Loasaceae Spreng. • Loganiaceae Mart. • Lophopyxidaceae (Engl.) H.H. Pfeiff. • Loranthaceae Juss. • Lowiaceae Ridl. • Luzuriagaceae J. Dostal • Lythraceae Jaume St.-Hil.

M
• 
Magnoliaceae Juss. • Malesherbiaceae D. Don • Malpighiaceae Juss. • Malvaceae Juss. • Marantaceae Petersen • Marcgraviaceae Choisy • Martyniaceae Stapf • Mastixiaceae Van Tiegh. • Mayacaceae Kunth • Medusagynaceae Engl. & Gilg • Medusandraceae Brenan • Melanophyllaceae Takht. • Melanthiaceae Batsch • Melastomataceae Juss. • Meliaceae Juss. • Melianthaceae Link • Meliosmaceae Endl. • Memecylaceae DC. • Mendonciaceae (Lindau) Bremek. • Menispermaceae Juss. • Menyanthaceae Dum. • Misodendraceae J.G. Agardh • Mitreolaceae Watson, informal • Molluginaceae Hutchinson • Monimiaceae Juss. • Monotropaceae Nutt. • Montiniaceae (Engl.) Nak. • Moraceae Link • Morinaceae J.G. Agardh • Moringaceae Dum. • Muntingiaceae C. Bayer, M.W. Chase and M.F. Fay • Musaceae Juss. • Myoporaceae R. Br. • Myricaceae Bl. & Dum. • Myristicaceae R. Br. • Myrothamnaceae Niedenzu • Myrsinaceae R. Br. • Myrtaceae Juss.

N
• 
Najadaceae Juss. • Nandinaceae J.G. Agardh • Napoleonaeaceae P. Beauv. • Naucleaceae (DC.) Wernh. • Nelsoniaceae • Nelumbonaceae Dum. • Nepenthaceae Dum. • Neumanniaceae Van Tiegh. • Neuradaceae J.G. Agardh • Nitrariaceae Bercht & J. Presl • Nolanaceae Dum. • Nolinaceae T. Nakai • Nyctaginaceae Juss. • Nymphaeaceae Salisb. • Nyssaceae Dum.

O
• 
Oceanopapaveraceae auct. • Ochnaceae DC. • Octoknemaceae Van Tiegh. • Olacaceae Juss. • Oleaceae Hoffmgg. & Link • Oliniaceae Arn. ex Sond. • Onagraceae Juss. • Oncothecaceae Kobuski ex Airy Shaw • Opiliaceae Valeton • Orchidaceae Juss. • Orobanchaceae Vent. • Oxalidaceae R. Br.

P
• 
Paeoniaceae Rudolphi • Palmae Juss. • Pandaceae Pierre • Pandanaceae R. Br. • Papaveraceae Juss. • Paracryphiaceae Airy Shaw • Parnassiaceae S.F. Gray • Passifloraceae Juss. • Pedaliaceae R. Br. • Peganaceae Tiegh. ex Takht. • Pelliceriaceae (Planch. & Triana) Beauvis • Penaeaceae Guillemin • Pentadiplandraceae Hutch. & Dalziel • Pentaphragmataceae J.G. Agardh • Pentaphylacaceae Engl. • Pentastemonaceae Duyfjes • Penthoraceae Van Tiegh. • Peperomiaceae (Miq.) Wettst. • Peraceae (Baill.) Benth. ex Klotsch • Peridiscaceae Kuhlm. • Periplocaceae Schltr. • Petermanniaceae Hutch. • Phellinaceae (Loes.) Takht. • Philadelphaceae D. Don • Philesiaceae Dum. • Philydraceae Link. • Phormiaceae J.G. Agardh • Phrymataceae Schauer • Physenaceae Takhtajan • Phytolaccaceae R. Br. • Picramniaceae (Engl.) Fernando & Quinn • Picrodendraceae Small • Piperaceae C.A. Agardh • Pistaciaceae (Marchand) Caruel. • Pittosporaceae R. Br. • Plagiopteraceae Airy Shaw • Plantaginaceae Juss. • Platanaceae Dum. • Plocospermataceae Hutch. • Plumbaginaceae Juss. • Podoaceae Baill. ex Franch. • Podophyllaceae DC. • Podostemaceae Rich. ex C.A. Agardh • Polemoniaceae Juss. • Polygalaceae Juss. • Polygonaceae Juss. • Polypremaceae Watson, informal • Pontederiaceae Kunth • Portulacaceae Juss. • Posidoniaceae (Kunth) Lotsy • Potaliaceae Mart. • Potamogetonaceae Dum. • Primulaceae Vent. • Proteaceae Juss. • Psiloxylaceae Croizat • Ptaeroxylaceae Sonder • Pteridophyllaceae (Murb.) Sugiura ex Nak. • Pterostemonaceae (Engl.) Small • Punicaceae Horan. • Pyrolaceae Dum.

Q
• 
Quiinaceae Engl.

R
• 
Rafflesiaceae Dum. • Ranunculaceae Juss. • Rapateaceae Dum. • Resedaceae S.F. Gray • Restionaceae R. Br. • Retziaceae Bartl. • Rhabdodendraceae (Engl.) Prance • Rhamnaceae Juss. • Rhizophoraceae R. Br. • Rhodoleiaceae (Harms) Nak. • Rhoipteleaceae Hand.-Mazz. • Rhynchocalycaceae Johnson and Briggs • Ripogonaceae Conran and Clifford • Roridulaceae Engl. & Gilg • Rosaceae L. • Rubiaceae Juss. • Ruscaceae Spreng. • Rutaceae Juss.

S
• 
Sabiaceae Bl. • Saccifoliaceae Maguire and Pires • Salicaceae Mirbel • Salvadoraceae Lindl. • Sambucaceae Link. • Santalaceae R. Br • Sapindaceae Juss. • Sapotaceae Juss. • Sarcobataceae Behnke • Sarcolaenaceae Caruel • Sarcospermataceae H.J. Lam • Sargentodoxaceae Stapf • Sarraceniaceae Dum. • Saururaceae A. Rich. • Saxifragaceae Juss. • Scheuchzeriaceae Rudolphi • Schisandraceae Bl. • Scrophulariaceae Juss. • Scyphostegiaceae Hutch. • Scytopetalaceae Engl. • Setchellanthaceae Iltis • Simaroubaceae DC. • Simmondsiaceae (Pax) Van Tiegh. • Siparunaceae (A. DC.) Schodde • Siphonodontaceae Gagnep. & Tardieu • Sladeniaceae Gilg & Werderm.) Airy Shaw • Smilacaceae Vent. • Solanaceae Juss. • Sonneratiaceae Engl. & Gilg • Sparganiaceae Schultz-Schultzenst. • Sphaerosepalaceae Van Tiegh. • Sphenocleaceae (Lindl.) Mart. ex DC. • Sphenostemonaceae P. van Royen & Airy Shaw • Spigeliaceae Mart. • Stachyuraceae J.G. Agardh • Stackhousiaceae R. Br. • Staphyleaceae (DC.) Lindl. • Stegnospermataceae (H. Walter) Nak. • Stemonaceae Engl. • Sterculiaceae Vent. • Stilaginaceae C.A. Agardh • Stilbaceae Kunth • Strasburgeriaceae Van Tiegh. • Strelitziaceae (K. Schum.) Hutch. • Strychnaceae Link. • Stylidiaceae R. Br. • Stylobasiaceae J.G. Agardh • Stylocerataceae Baill. • Styracaceae Dum. • Surianaceae Arn. • Symphoremataceae Van Tiegh. • Symplocaceae Desf.

T
• 
Taccaceae Dum. • Tamaricaceae Link. • Tecophilaeaceae Leybold • Tepuianthaceae Maguire and Steyermark • Tetracarpaeaceae (Engl.) Nak. • Tetracentraceae Van Tiegh. • Tetrachondraceae Skottsb. • Tetragoniaceae Link. • Tetramelaceae (Warb.) Airy Shaw • Tetrameristaceae (H. Hallier) Hutch. • Theaceae D. Don • Theligonaceae Dum. • Theophrastaceae Link. • Thismiaceae J.G. Agardh • Thunbergiaceae Van Tiegh. • Thurniaceae Engl. • Thymelaeaceae Juss. • Ticodendraceae Gómes-Laurito and P. Gómes • Tiliaceae Juss. • Toricelliaceae (Wang.) Hu corr. Airy Shaw • Tovariaceae Pax • Trapaceae Dum. • Trapellaceae (F.W. Oliver) Honda & Sakisake • Tremandraceae DC. • Tribelaceae (Engl.) Airy Shaw • Trichopodaceae Hutch. • Trigoniaceae Endl. • Trilliaceae Lindl. • Trimeniaceae Perk. & Gilg • Triplostegiaceae (Hock) Bobrov ex Airy Shaw • Triuridaceae Gardn. • Trochodendraceae Prantl • Tropaeolaceae DC. • Turneraceae DC. • Typhaceae Juss.

U
• 
Uapacaceae (Muell. Arg.) Airy Shaw • Ulmaceae Mirb. • Umbelliferae Juss. • Urticaceae Juss. • Uvulariaceae Kunth

V
• 
Vahliaceae (Reichb.) Dandy • Valerianaceae Batsch. • Velloziaceae Endl. • Verbenaceae Jaume St-Hil. • Viburnaceae Dum. • Violaceae Batsch. • Viscaceae Miq. • Vitidaceae Juss. • Vivianiaceae Klotzsch. • Vochysiaceae A. St-Hil.

W
• 
Wellstediaceae (Pilger) Novak • Winteraceae Lindl.

X
• 
Xanthophyllaceae (Chodat) Gagnep. • Xanthorrhoeaceae Dum. • Xyridaceae C.A. Agardh

Z
• 
Zannichelliaceae Dum. • Zingiberaceae Lindl. • Zosteraceae Dum. • Zygophyllaceae R. Br.


Cite this publication as: L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The Families of Flowering Plants: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, and Information Retrieval. Version: 14th December 2000. http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/. Dallwitz (1980), Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1995, 2000), and Watson and Dallwitz (1991) should also be cited (see References).

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